The Knowledge Society in Global Perspective
Limits of Knowledge Society. Antropology and Cultural Studies (2). Ethics, Social and Political Philosophy. (Eds. I. Frasin, Codrin Dinu Vasiliu), Colectia Societate&Cunuastere, Institutul European, Iasi, pp.91-105;ISBN 978-973-611-787-9
The inability of the knowledge society to establish itself as a global one is one of the most important its limitations. All its analyses and models made by social scientists and presented in political documents hold good for societies in the most developed countries. The process of globalization reproduces and reinforces multiple inequalities, but the most intractable of them manifest themselves in education, science and technology. It could be argued that some of the deepest divisions of the world today are created by the scientific revolution in Europe and the Western world in particular, not elsewhere, at the beginning of large-scale capitalist expansion.
Knowledge has become a commodity and a bounty, but it is not accessible to all. The worldwide rivalry in the fields of sciences and innovations is even more intense than the rivalry in the control over the natural resources. The production of innovations is very expensive, but it gives a huge advantage in all areas to anyone who can do it. There exist no economic prerequisites or political understanding for fair distribution of these resources.
A way to ground the necessity of participation of all people in the knowledge society could be found through a specific understanding of human rights worldwide. Every individual has a right of access to wealth created by knowledge; the violation of this right is an example of social injustice. It means that the emergence of the knowledge society in a global perspective requires evolvement of fair and socially responsible global community. In this respect nongovernmental organizations and the global civil society can play decisive role.
Key words: knowledge society, globalization, social inequalities, knowledge as a resource