Частните войни в кралство Франция при първите Капетинги (Х-ХII век). Генезис и общи характеристики.
– Епохи, 2003, кн.1-2 , с. 105-119. Print ISSN 1310-2141. COBISS.BG-ID - 1120927204
Private wars( feuds) in the French kingdom during the rule of first Capetian kings (987−1137): origin, characteristics, and consequences.
The article considers the issue of the reasons and consequences of so-called private wars or feuds in the French kingdom during the rule of first Capetian kings (987−1137).
In the middle of the 9th century, the Empire of Charles the Great fell into a deep political disintegration which led to the beginning of new independent political formations. One of them, firstly known as Francia Occidentalis (later Francia), was a land of permanent private wars which ravaged the agricultural basis of feudal and church estates and cut the number of population: free peasants, serfs, monks and other layman or churchman. Why did feuds become so mass, widespread and permanent during the period after the treat of Verdune in 843 A.C. and especially in 10th and 11th c.? How did the building new fortification (castles) which started from the end of 10th century affect internal peace and private wars in French territories?
Which were the general characteristics of feuds in Francia Occidentalis during the rule of first Capetian kings? Haw important was their effect of the economical, political and social situation in Francia?
The current article attempts to give answers to these questions based on the written sources of the period and the works of historians.
Средни векове, частни войни, кралство Франция, Капетинги