Conceptual analysis of the geography training of the countries in the Bulgarian school.

Драганова-Стойкова, Тамара (2019) Conceptual analysis of the geography training of the countries in the Bulgarian school. – In: KNOWLEDGE International Journal with Global Impact Factor, Vol. 34.2. Scientific Papers – EDUCATION, Institute of Knowledge Management, pp. 555 – 561, September, 2019. ISSN 2545-4439 (for printed version), ISSN 1857-923X (for e-version).

 This article explores geography training for the countries in high school, first high school and second high school stage. Content - analysis, conceptual and situational analysis, place and themes, meaning and role, goals and expected results, vertical relationships and activities, number of school hours and new concepts, geographical algorithm for characterization of the country and principles of study, and other methodologies - didactic segments, have been tracked. Didactic models of country training in compulsory and profiled preparation have been made up. Network dependencies and intra-disciplinary synthesis between the studied countries, typical representatives of the region between primary and secondary education for compulsory and profiled preparation, are revealed. Country training covers grades V, VI, VII, IX, X and XI in compulsory and profiled preparation. The educational reform in Bulgaria since 2016 has enacted in geography and economics curricula in all classes of compulsory preparation, with the article focusing on the connection and integration between compulsory and profiled geography preparation of the countries. The processes of expanding, upgrading and deepening the educational content for geography training of the countries by classes, stages and degrees of education are explored. Contemporary trends in the development of geographical science are reflected in the curricula content of profiled geography and economics preparation. Country geography training and territorial differentiation by region in the world are part of modular training 4. The curricula regulates the countries of study by applying the traditional geographical algorithm to characterize a country: geographical location and borders; geopolitical influence in the region and the world; natural resource potential; geo - demographic processes; urban development and urbanization; economic development. Characterization of selected countries in the region is constructed regionally - territorial and typological principle in XI class: Northern Europe (Sweden), Western Europe (United Kingdom), Southern Europe (Spain), Central Europe (Poland), Eastern Europe (Ukraine), Central Asia (Kazakhstan), Far East (Indonesia), Middle East (Iran), Middle East (Israel). Profile training in XI grade promotes the development of students' abilities to reason, discuss, comment and evaluate different ideas and concepts independently, which extends the geographical culture of understanding and reasonable activity in the geographical space. The geography and economics training of the profiled preparation are set out the current and contemporary trends of geographical development - regionalization, ecologization, economization, technology, socialization. The curricula determines the training in regional geography, focusing on the formation of students' skills for: expressing critical thinking, analyzing information from different sources, developing a scientific thesis, choosing contemporary behaviors and exhibiting active citizenship, discussing the basic intra-regional problems, mapping of sub-regions, analyzing information from different sources, developing a scientific question or solving a geographic case.
 curricula, geography and economics, geography of countries, didactic models, compulsory and profiled preparation

Хуманитарни науки
Социални, стопански и правни науки Педагогика
Социални, стопански и правни науки Педагогика на обучението по…
Природни науки, математика и информатика Науки за земята

Social sciences, economic sciences and law Education
Social sciences, economic sciences and law Pedagogy of Teaching…
Natural sciences, mathematics and informatics Earth Sciences

 Тамара Драганова-Стойкова

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