Nikolay Kanev. Byzantine Rank Hierarchy in the 9th - 11th Centuries.
Studia Ceranea 8, 2018, p. 153 - 165. ISSN: 2084-140X; e-ISSN: 2449-8378;
The aim of the article is to present the Byzantine secular rank hierarchy of the 9th - 11th centuries. During the above-mentioned period of time Byzantium knew not one but several distinct, relatively independent official hierarchical systems. All of them, however, were mutually interconnected to varying degrees and thus formed a single, pan-imperial hierarchical construct, expressed through the so-called system of palace precedence of ranks in the empire. It is this global and more general paradigm that reflects the Byzantine hierarchical model of the 9th - 11th centuries; consequently, it seems fitting to refer to it as the rank hierarchy of the classical Middle Byzantine period, in the era preceding the reforms of Alexios I Komnenos.
Byzantium, Byzantine rank hierarchy, titles, system of precedence
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