Value оf Technical Trainings, Their Analysis аnd Effects оn тhe Preparation Process оf World Elite Orienteering Competitors


Беломъжева-Димитрова, Стефания (2018) Value оf Technical Trainings, Their Analysis аnd Effects оn тhe Preparation Process оf World Elite Orienteering Competitors Proceedings of the 11th Annual International Conference: Physical Education, Sport and Health, 22nd - 23rd of November, 2018, Pitesti, Romania. Series Publications Title: Scientific Report Physical Education and Sport, volume 22 (2/2018), ISSN: 1453-1194


 Abstract: Problem Statement, Purpose, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions and References Problem Statement: Orienteering is a sport demanding not only serious physical shape but also strong intellectual potential, concentration and self control. The competitors have to make quick decisions about the best possible routes along the course while running in an unknown terrain at high speed. The result in a race is often depends on a combination of all - physical, technical, psychological and tactical preparations. It is difficult to make the right choices when preparing the training program – how often should one work on his technical skills, specialize in the psychological aspects of the sport or improve their physical shape? Purpose of the study is to research the opinion of world elite orienteering competitors about analysis of the training process with the help of GPS systems, types of technical trainings and their optimal number needed to maintain and to improve technical skills. Methods: a detailed questionnaire about technical preparation was conducted with 25 orienteering competitors from the world elite. Results: Most of the surveyed competitors from world elite are between 20 and 30 aged. They rely more on technical training not on competitions to improve their technical skills level. 56% of the world elite in orienteering participate in “between three and seven competitions” on a monthly basis and 29.2% of the survived competitors are training “between three and seven times” on an average monthly basis. 28% of the survived competitors think that needs more than seven technical trainings of month to maintain their technical skills. 68% of the surveyed athletes say that their preparation is mostly towards the physical shape. Only 24% of the surveyed athletes say that they always use GPS device to analyze their performance on an orienteering training or race. Discussion: Surveyed elite orienteering competitors are categorical about their opinion that the physical shape is closely connected with the technical performance during a training or race in orienteering. The amount of technical training and competitions monthly is also very important. Analyzing the orienteering competitions is extremely important because it gives the weak and strong sides of the competitor’s performance and what the competitor should train on. It is important to use the result of the analysis when planning the next training schedule. Conclusions: Common is the opinion that between tree and seven technical trainings by month are better to improve technical skills of orienteering competitors. These athletes do not think and rely on the races to maintain their technical capabilities. Relatively small group of the surveyed athletes think that one can improve his technical skills by participating in more orienteering races on monthly basis. The physical shape without any doubt is directly connected with the technical performance during an orienteering training or race according to all surveyed athletes. It is top priority in the training schemes of 68% of these orienteering competitors. All surveyed athletes are categorical that analyzing of the technical performance after a race or training is very important. Using GPS device for analysis according to them is necessary to develop as an orienteering competitor.
  Доклад
 Orienteering, technical skills, trainings, competitions, GPS analysis.


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 Стефания Беломъжева-Димитрова

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