Certain Problems in the Ongoing Reform of Bulgaria’s National Security System
Tрадицjа, модернизацjа, идентитети. Место традицje и модернизацje у различитим концепциjама и стратегиjама развоjа земля у траанзиции, Университет у Нишу, сс.229-235;
In 1998 the Bulgarian government approved a political document, „National Security Concept”, covering the functioning and activities of the BNNS. Today, 12 years after its publication, the adoption of new such document known as „National Security Strategy” - the third one in succession after two similar documents discussed in 2006 and 2008 – is on the agenda of competent authorities.
The purpose of this study is to outline the most important problems in the ongoing reform of the Bulgarian national security system (BNSS). Its realization is aimed at making it more efficient, capable of meeting and coping with new challenges and threats in the beginning of the 21th century.
The first and foremost problem in the context above is the BNSS’s theoretical and practical transition to perceiving of security not only as „a security of the state”, but as „a national security”, covering all levels of individual-, group- (communal, organizational) and state security. In the aspect of the international security, the latter should maintain relations with corresponding levels of regional and worldwide security as well. The integrative approach to security should also spell out coverage of indirect spheres of its maintenance – economic, social, political and cultural. Global security crises reverberate on them all. When applied to them, the notion of national security calls for: identification of national ideal, national interests and values, specifically in the context of Bulgaria’s integration in NATO and the European Union, and in the context of Balkan’s relationships.
security system, reform
Социални, стопански и правни науки
Social sciences, economic sciences and law