"20 YEARS TRANSITION IN BULGARIA: A CRISIS OF SOCIAL VALUES"
Clovek-Dejiny-Hodnoty IV (Jako Filozoficky, sociologicky a politologicky problem) red. H. Petrucijowa, J. Faber [Man-History-Values IV (As Philosopical, Sociological and Politological Problem)], University of Ostrava, Ostrava, pp.120-124;
The transition from totalitarianism to democracy and market economy is the greatest social change in the whole Bulgarian history. In it our country left the orbit of the Russian influence and became a member of NATO in 2004 and the European Union in 2007. The institutions and the political system have now gone through comprehensive reforms. They have had a serious impact on psychological views and on the cultural complex of the Bulgarian society as a whole. The latter embraces accepted values and norms. Culture is a multiform world of values, norms and meanings. From a sociological analysis’ point of view it can be taken in as a system of symbols determining social development and social change. Human actions and decisions are the real essence of culture.
The thesis defended in this paper is that we can see a deep-going crisis of social values, brought out by existing sociological data. It is the result of the transition from socialism to pluralistic democracy and market economy and from closed national state to global multicultural society. This general social change embraces all the Balkan and East-European countries. The crisis of social values questions the prospects for construction of modern democratic society. It is a source of future social tensions and conflicts on cultural, ethnic, religious or age-group basis.
transition, social values
Социални, стопански и правни науки
Social sciences, economic sciences and law