"Университетите и научните изследвания в обществото на знанието през XXI век - алтернативи за Балканските страни" [Universities and Scientific Researches in the Development of Knowledge-Based Society in the 21th Century: Alternatives for the Balkan Countries]
Balkan Syntheses, Journal for Social Issues, Culture and Regional Development,Vol. III, N 2, 2016, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Nis, Serbia, pp.23-45, ISSN 2406 - 1190
UNIVERSITIES AND SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH IN THE
DEVELOPMENT OF KNOWLEDGE-BASED SOCIETY IN THE ХХIth
CENTURY: ALTERNATIVES FOR THE BALKAN COUNTRIES
Summary: The role of knowledge and scientific research as factors
in achieving intensive regional development and overcoming divergences
in it are considered in the paper. Today creation of knowledgebased
society is defined as a key objective of the EU and the years
until the end of the second decade of the 21th century are of decisive
character in this way. The inability of the knowledge society to establish
itself as a global one following the present existing neoliberal
project of development is one of the most important its limitations.
The worldwide rivalry in the fields of sciences and innovations is
even more intense than the rivalry in the control over the natural resources.
The production of innovations is very expensive, but it gives
a huge advantage in all areas to anyone who can do it. At present the
Balkan countries are completely excluded from this process.
Two competing projects of development of knowledge-based society
are analyzed in the paper. The first project can be called corporate – it
assumes wealth distribution of the knowledge economy in favor of
big corporations and rich countries. The vast majority of people and
the poorer countries in the EU remain permanently in its periphery.
The realization of this trend is a dominant trend in the development
of the EU today. The alternative project can be called social knowledge
society – it can be based on human solidarity and fair distribution
of the wealth of the knowledge economy. It implies an equal
access to the benefits of education and scientific and technological
achievements. To succeed, this project requires combined efforts of
the governments of the poorer countries in the EU, especially these
in the Central and South-Eastern Europe, and the organizations of
For our Balkan countries other existing option is to follow the development
of a new alternative model of economic development of
the BRICS countries and especially Russia and China. This project
will allow investments and intensive development in the poorest regions
of the world and their inclusion in the knowledge-based society.
Europe and the EU are about to lose the global race today their
historical domination (the domination of “the West”) achieved after
the scientific revolution in XVIIIth century and the global capitalist
Some difficult problems and issues of formation of R&D policies of
Bulgaria are critically considered.
knowledge based society, universities, alternative models of development
Социални, стопански и правни науки
Social sciences, economic sciences and law