Social and demographic characteristics of persons with disabilities in the Republic of Bulgaria. Forum on studies of society: conference proceedings: Craiova, 2016 Еd.: Cr. I. Goga, A. M. Niţă, Al. Porumbescu, E.Sorescu, I.V.Șerban, Bucureşti: Pro Universitaria, 2016, p. 216-233, ISBN 978-606-26-0710-4 [Инд./Реф. в: Conference Proceedings / Thomson Reuters]
Bucureşti, Pro Universitaria
In the paper the socio-demographic characteristics of persons with disabilities in Bulgaria are presented. The trends of change of the indicators are analysed: type and degree of disability, age, gender, educational and qualification level, economic activity, regional distribution, marital status. Based on these characteristics the profile of persons with disabilities in different regions of the country can be defined and also the specifics of their needs in order to implement an adequate, effective and sustainable health and social policy in accordance with the modern concepts for long-term care. The analysis outlines a clear upward trend in the number of people with disabilities and the level of permanently reduced work capacity among the people at the age of 16 and older; an increase of the severity of the disabilities and the risk of invalidation with age advance;
a higher number of women with disabilities per 1000 people compared with men; an increase in the number of people with disabilities living in cities, but higher levels of invalidation among the rural population; education inequality on the ground of the indication "disability", being a prerequisite for a lower educational and qualification level; a low level of economic activity. This socio-demographic structure poses a number of challenges to the social and health systems for receiving care adequate to the needs and providing a good quality of life to the persons with permanently reduced work capacity. The organization and the capacity of services provided must correspond to the needs of the persons with disabilities; guarantee the receiving of care necessary to preserve their autonomy and dignity; enable access to high quality services to all,
regardless of their age, gender, residence and financial status.
persons with disabilities; socio-demographic characteristics
Социални, стопански и правни науки
Social sciences, economic sciences and law