Възгледът на св. Максим Изповедник за човешката воля в интерпретацията на св. Йоан Дамаскин и св. Фотий Цариградски, в: Християнство и култура, 104 (2015), 83-92.
Християнство и култура, 104 (2015), 83-92.
Maximus’ concept of human will is fundamentally Christocentric. When giving arguments for the availability of a human natural will in Christ, Maximus demonstrates that the human act of will is capable of becoming a decisive factor in the unifying economy of Christ. In order to validate axiological criteria for the compatibility between human will and the economy of Christ, Maximus develops the concept of gnomic will. Thus the model of will receives a new cognitive dimension: to the criteria for self-governance of the rational will formulated by Nemesius, Maximus adds a non-discursive vector of the rational desire: the γνώμη. John Damascene adopts the terminology of Maximus and demonstrates that communion is the appropriate cognitive criteria applicable for the gnomic will. Photius identifies explicitly the gnomic will and the choice. In respect of this identification the Patriarch coins the term “personal will”. He modifies the concept of freedom: the negative meaning of ‘freedom from’ is transformed in ‘freedom for’, and more precisely: ‘freedom for the Other’. The speculation on the will of the three authors demonstrates that the optimal state of human will is achieved when the human hypostasis becomes able to fully and responsibly share divine grace. This is not merely freedom-in-sharing, but freedom-in-communion.
Freedom, raitonal will, will of Christ, communion