Presence of the ideas of sophism in European musical culture of the XX century

Марчева, Пенка (2015) Presence of the ideas of sophism in European musical culture of the XX century Scholarly Journal of Scientific Research and Essay (SJSRE) 4(5), p. 77 -79, May 2015,ISSN 2315-6163 © 2015 Scholarly-Journals, http://www.scholarly-

 In the last decades, there has been interest in the exploration of Eastern culture. One of the interesting studies is Sufism - religious and philosophical movement that comes from the depths of Islam. Now the Sufism’s culture and particularly the music are entering in the world cultural area. The study of the philosophical - aesthetic attitude of the Sufis leads to the conclusion that music can be understand not only as art, but also as a "way of existence in the world." One of the most prominent representativeof the Sufism is the poet, musician and philosopher - Hazrat Inayat Khan.His ideas for divine unity – tauhid, for love, harmony and beauty are transforming in sufism’s conception base in the beginning of XX century. Musical practice of Hazrat Inayat Khan is less popular, as well as his influence on notable European composers of the last century. In 1910 year he met the French composer – impressionist Claude Debussy, and in 1913 the Russian composer Alexander Scriabin . As a result works, in which is combined European musical thinking with Eastern philosophy of harmony in the world, appeared. Today understanding of philosophy of sufism as a way of implementing the cultural dialogue can certainly contribute in finding common ground between Western and Eastern thought. A result of this interaction is mutual enrichment of existent social communities.
 Sufism, Sufism’s culture, Hazrat Inayat Khan, Claude Debussy, Alexander Scriabin.

 Пенка Марчева

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