Postural Status of the Spinal Column in the Sagittal Plane in a Student Population.
Book of Proceedings of XIX International Scientific Conference „FIS Communications 2016" in Physical Education, Sport and Recreation, 20-22nd October 2016, Nis, Serbia. Editor in chief: Saša Pantelić. Nis: Faculty of sport and physical education, University of Niš, 2016, pp.295-299. ISBN: 978‐86‐87249‐80‐6
The objective of this study was to determine the postural status of the spinal column in the sagittal plane in undergraduate students of the Niš and Veliko Turnovo Universities who are studying to become physical education teachers and coaches. The sample comprised a total of 135 students of both sexes, or, according to university attended: 58 participants from the Department of Physical Education at the Faculty of Pedagogy, University of Veliko Turnovo, Bulgaria, and 77 students from the Faculty of Sports and Physical Education, University of Niš, Serbia. The device used to measure the postural status of the spinal column in the sagittal plane was the “Spinal mouse“. In order to establish any differences within each individual group in terms of deformity and normal posture incidence, as well as to establish differences between the two university groups, a Chi Square test was used. Based on the results obtained, it can be concluded that there is no statistically significant difference in the number of students with and without postural disorders in the sagittal plane at the Faculty of Sports and Physical Education in Niš (sig=0.425), and, similarly, no such statistically significant difference was found among the students of the Department of Physical Education attending the Faculty of Pedagogy in Veliko Turnovo (sig=0.599). In terms of percentages, the students of the Faculty of Pedagogy had a greater incidence of postural disorders (53.4 % versus 45.5%), yet this difference was not statistically significant (sig=0.456). The results obtained in this study indicate a high incidence of bad postural status of the spinal column in the sagittal plane in students of both faculties, and provide an opportunity for further research in this area in order to help arrive at a solution to this problem.
Spinal column, postural status, spinal deformities, “Spianl mouse”.