The Development of Global Society – Cosmopolitanism or Republicanism
“Globalization and Sovereignty Decline”, Косовска Митровица, pp.91-97;
Today the main determining factors of globalization are the focal point of serious
discussions in social sciences. The view that there are significant changes in the development of
international relations has many proponents. However, there exists a big difference in their
characteristic features. There are those that speak. about the national state`s outliving its time,
saying that an individual country cannot sustain its security and should be seeking for coalitions
or alliances. New actors enter in international relations and the process of globalization
requires new principles of understanding of their prospects. The issue of adoption of new
principles of building a system in international relations is really very important in this context.
It could not be a system based on relationships of nation states only.
Two possible options are available here: choice of cosmopolitanism or choice
republicanism. The thesis that cosmopolitanism is a utopian view and republicanism is a more
reliable basis for determination of the nature of international relations is treated in this paper.
Cosmopolitanism can be used as an ideology by the most well-to-do elites in the world to justify
their expansionist practices. This ideology justifies the so-called “humanitarian interventions”
of the international community. But there is no doubt whatsoever that some of them are only
imperialist strategies of ‘the Great Powers’ in action. On its part, republicanism implies respect
for the principle of sovereignty of each country and coalitions of countries set up on the basis of
commonly-shared interests. Then: in the Globalization Era we are now living through national states do not die out – their functions only undergo important changes!
global society, cosmopolitanism, republicanism, the Balkans conflicts