Проблеми на брака в германската езическа традиция (франки и англосакси) [Problems of the Heathen Matrimonial Germanic Traditions: Franks and Anglo-Saxons]
Studia protobulgarica et mediavalia europensia. В чест на проф. Веселин Бешевлиев. Материали от юбилейната научна конференция в чест на 100-годишнината на чл.-кор. проф. д-р Веселин Бешевлиев. В. Търново, 12–15.05.2000 г. – София: ИК „Тангра ТанНакРа”, 2003, с. 444-450. ISBN 9549942554
Proceeding from the customs of Franks and Anglo-Saxons, the author of this paper examines some basic theoretical and historiographical problems of the heathen matrimonial Germanic traditions.
The historiographical review includes an analysis of the points of view of a number of scholars on such questions as the form of marriage among the Germanic tribes, the ways of entering into matrimony, public attitudes towards divorce and second marriage etc.
On the basis of the historiographical review and the analysis of legal and narrative sources, the author arrives at the conclusion that Franks and Anglo-Saxons shared a common, Germanic matrimonial pattern. The matrimonial institution among pagan Germanic peoples was monogamous and dissoluble. However, men were allowed to keep other women except their wives. Such unions were publicly accepted but did not automatically cause the legal consequences characteristic of marriage.
Marriages among Germani were usually contracted after a special engagement ceremony and a reciprocal exchange of pledges. Besides following this commonly accepted model, a marriage could be contracted as a result of eloping of a woman with a man or as a consequence of an abduction of a virgin or a woman. The last two ways of contracting a marriage were not approved of and society took various measures to bring them under control.
Franks, Anglo-Saxons, Germanic matrimonial pattern, marriage, abduction of a woman, ways of contracting a marriage.