Philosophy of Global Security

Бузов, Вихрен (2015) Philosophy of Global Security Proceedings of the International Conference “Humanities and Social Sciences Today. Classical and Contemporary Issues” – Philosophy and Other Humanities, Mihai-Dan Chiţoiu, Ioan-Alexandru Tofan (Editors), Bucurеsti : Pro Universitaria, 2015, pp.43-51, ISBN 978-606-26-0414-1

 The world today is faced up with two alternatives: unipolar world with a monopoly of power-imposed solution to global conflicts, or multi-polar world, based on the balance of power and consensus in the common interests of guaranteeing security and social values. The unipolar world is dominated and ruled by global economic and political elites, it is a world of permanent wars and confrontation of civilizations, of West and East. The multi-polar world could be based on a power balance, social and economic pluralism and peace culture. The accepted orientation to the model of making collective decisions by proxy appears to lead to negative consequences for our insecure world. Today there exists a widespread view that the „New World Order” of dominance of one superpower, the U.S., committed to settling the world conflicts with power intervention - is not a permanent security guarantee. Unless the U.S., NATO and the EU assume the role of proxy in situational coalitions created under their control.Other more promising strategy is to choose a dominant option. One option should be dominant for decision-makers, if they prefer its outcome to be the outcome of each other option, making other participants to act. If such option is not available, and if ambiguity exists, an agent might make a choice as per a rationalizable possibility, dominating in a current situation. More often than not it leads to a decision finding an equilibrium (balance) in the game (Schick 2007). The model suggested above allows the formation of coalitions based on a limited consensus among several parties. The choice of a dominant option postulates an option of finding equlibrium or cooperative decisions, acceptable to each party; they do not make their status worse. In the context of international relations the imposition of such a model of management and settlement of crises calls for overcoming the unipolar insecure world and emergence of new leaders in the ranks of existing global opposition. Security in such a world would be based not only on a balance of forces, but also on value-motivated consensus around common interests and shared responsibilities. It could be said that this is the sole realistic road to finding solutions in the now raging global energy and financial crisis, to the overcoming of existing geopolitical confrontation, reducing poverty and the ecological crisis by means of reducing emissions, with due respect for the interests of developing countries.
 global security, philosophy of security

Хуманитарни науки Философия

Humanities Philosophy

 Вихрен Бузов

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